Rules of writing Passage Narration
Rule 1: When you write down different type of sentences of one speaker frequently, then the following system should be followed:
Sentence type Writing style
Assertive And said
Interrogative And asked if -----
Imperative And ordered/requested/adviced/suggested to
Optative And prayed for
Exclamatory And exclaimed with joy/ sorrow/wonder that
Rule 2: If the speaker frequently uses same type of sentence then the Rule is:
For assertive sentence
And added that
And further added that
And moreover added that
And again added that
For interrogative sentence
And Further asked if
And more asked if
And again asked if
Yes/No Sub + Replied in the affirmative/ Replied in the negative
Yes/No + Comment Sub + Replied in the affirmative/Replied in the negative and said that
No Speaker in the sentence ‘The speaker said to the person spoken to’
Calling in the name of person
Ex: He said, “Raven, don’t misbehave with anyone.”
It will be added as object of reporting verb
Ind: He advised Raven not to misbehave with anyone.
Calling in the name of relations
Ex: The student said “Sir, please forgive me.” Addressing as brother/sister/friend/sir
Ind: Addressing as sir the student requested to kindly forgive him.
By Allah/by God/by Jove/by my love/by my life
Ex: “By Allah,” he replied, “I will not forget you.” Swearing by Allah/God/Jove/Life/Love
Ind: Swearing by Allah, he replied that he would not forget me.
Rule 9: If there is a Present participle phrase with the reporting verb, it will come in front of the reporting verb in doing the indirect speech. But if it is not present participle phrase then the position of it will remain unchanged.
Ex: “Are you brothers?” asked the mistress of the house turning to the Dervishes.
Ind: Turning to the Dervishes the Mistress of the house asked if they were brothers.
Assertive sentence with question mark.
Ex: He said to me “You are angry with me?” Use ‘Being surprised’ with the reporting verb and follow the rules of doing interrogative sentence.
Ind: Being surprised he asked me if I was angry with him.
Would/could/will in asking questions
Ex: He said to me, “would you help me to do the sum?” Use the rules of imperative sentence
Ind: He requested me to help him to do the sum.
Imperative sentence with tag question
Ex: He told me, “shut the door, will you?” Tag question will be omitted and rules of imperative sentence will be followed.
Ind: He asked/requested me to shut the door.
Well, you see (if used with in inverted comma)
Ex: the teacher said, “well Raven, I shall reward you.” Omit them and do in general way.
Ind: The teacher said to Raven that he would reward him.
Sir (in the inverted comma) Respectfully/ with respect
Rule 15: If the reporting verb or reported speech is split in different parts in the Direct speech, they will be added together in the indirect speech.
He said to me, “Thank you.” He thanked me.
Ex: He said, “Good bye my friends.” Use ‘bade’
Ind: He bade his friends’ good bye.
Replied/Muttered/Cried (in the reporting verb)
Ex: “Hold your tongue!” He muttered on fiercely. Remains unchanged in the indirect speech.
Ind: He muttered on fiercely to hold his tongue.